CREATIONISM VS EVOLUTION, (CONT.)

II) SCRIPTURAL TESTIMONY & PHYSICAL EVIDENCE OF A RECENT CREATION, (cont.)

B) SCRIPTURAL TESTIMONY & PHYSICAL EVIDENCE FROM EARTH WHICH TESTIFY TO A RECENT CREATION, (cont.)

4) THE PREFLOOD PERIOD - AFTER THE FALL

b) PHYSICAL EVIDENCE OF THE EFFECT OF THE FALL

1) INTRODUCTION

[pp. 454-455]

"Uniformitarian paleontology, of course, dates the formation of the major fossiliferous strata many scores and hundreds of millions of years before the appearance of human beings on the earth. It assumes that uncounted billions of animals had experienced natural or violent deaths before the Fall of Adam; that many important kinds of animals had long since become extinct by the time God created Adam to have dominion over every living creature; and that long ages before the Edenic curse giant flesh-eating monsters like Tyrannosaurus Rex roamed the earth, slashing their victims with ferocious dagger-like teeth and claws.

But how can such an interpretation of the history of the animal kingdom be reconciled with the early chapters of Genesis? Does the Book of Genesis, honestly studied in the light of the New Testament, allow for a reign of tooth and claw and death and destruction before the Fall of Adam? If not, we have further compelling reasons for questioning the uniformitarian scheme of reading the rocks at the same time strong encouragement for finding in the great Genesis Flood the true explanation for fossil formations in the crust of our planet.

In the face of such clear-cut passages as Romans 5:12-21 and I Corinthians 15:21-22, few who accept the Bible as the word of God will deny that Adam's sin and fall introduced spiritual and physical death into the human race. In the Romans passage we learn that 'through one man' sin entered into the world, and death through sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all sinned.. by the trespass of the one many died... the judgment came of one unto condemnation ... by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one ... through one trespass the judgment came unto all men to condemnation.. through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners...' And if such Biblical testimony were regarded as insufficient to settle the matter, we are told also in the Corinthians passage that 'by man came death' and 'in Adam all die.'

The Bible further teaches that all human beings have descended from one human pair (Gen. 3:20, 'Eve...was the mother of all living'; Acts 17:26, 'he made of one every nation of men to dwell on all the face of the earth' ) and that these first human beings were created directly by God wholly apart from any evolutionary development of man's body from animal forms...

[pp. 215]

"With the fall of man, a new order of things ensued, not only in God's spiritual economy with respect to man but also with respect to the earth itself, which was 'cursed for man's sake' (Genesis 3:17, 5:29). The whole creation was delivered into the bondage of corruption (i.e., 'decay'), groaning and travailing in pain together...

[Ro 8:20-22]:

(v. 20) For the creations was subjected to futility, not of its own will, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope

(v. 21) that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God.

(v. 22) For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now."]

[pp. 459]

"It was at the time of the Edenic curse of Gen. 3:17-19 that 'the creation was subjected to vanity' by God. This 'vanity' (of which the Book of Ecclesiastes speaks so eloquently) is further described as 'the bondage of corruption,' which is the explanation for the fact that 'the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now.' This passage teaches very clearly that some tremendous transformations took place in the realm of nature at the time of the Edenic curse; and therefore any scientific theory which purports to explain the history of life on this planet without taking into full account the effects of the Fall upon the realm of nature must be rejected.

[pp. 215]

...The antediluvian earth had mountains (Genesis 7:20), rivers (Genesis 2:10) and seas (Genesis 1:10) and so must have experienced geological activities somewhat like those of the present era...

[Earth in preflood times had mountains, rivers and shallow seas:

[Gen 7:20]:

"The water prevailed fifteen cubits higher [than the highest mountain - in order for the Ark to float over it fully loaded] and the mountains were [thereby completely] covered."

[Gen 2:1]:

"Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts."

[Gen 1:10]

"And God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that it was good."]

On the other hand, there are implications that very significant differences existed as well...

[Scripture testifies to a firmament located above the earth under which birds fly, (Gen 1:20). This firmament is described as a flattened out metallic expanse which has frozen water above and below it through]

...which light from the sun, moon and stars was to be refracted and diffused to give light on the earth...

[Gen 1:7, 17, 20]:

(v. 7) "And God made the expanse [? "raqiya" ? "firmament" ? crystalline ice canopy], and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so.

(v. 17) And God made the two great lights; the greater light to govern the day, and the lesser light to govern the night; He made the stars, also.

(v. 20) Then God said, 'Let the waters teem with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the heavens."]

...The waters 'above the firmament' seem to imply more than our present clouds and atmospheric water vapor, especially since Genesis 2:5 implies that during this time rainfall was not experienced on the earth...

***[Gen 2:5]:

"Now no shrub of the field was yet in the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not sent rain upon the earth; and there was no man to cultivate the ground."]

...These upper waters were therefore placed in that position by divine creativity, not by the normal processes of the hydrologic cycle of the present day. The upper waters did not, however, obscure the light from the heavenly bodies...[Gen 1:17]" [Scripture describes these upper waters as an "expanse", a "firmament" ? "raqiya" ? a composite consisting of a flattened out metallic sheet which the Bible describes as being layered on either side with ice, (Gen 1:7). A solid crystalline ice composite is proposed by Dr. Carl E. Baugh which was created by God approximately 11 miles up in the stratosphere with the hydrogen atoms being so supercold as to act as a fiber optic superconductive metallic substance. The composite not only permitted heavenly body light to shine through but magnified it as well in color and fiber optically conducted the sun's light all the way around the earth in a pink hue. The metallic properties of this crystalline frozen water composite canopy would then enable it to be held in place by the earth's magnetic field. Such a solid crystalline ice/metallic hydrogen canopy over the earth would have a profound effect on the earth's biology and climates and hence on its geological characteristics which would be quite different from today's characteristics. (Ref. Dr. Carl E. Baugh, 'Panorama of Creation', Creation Publication Services, Ft Worth, Tx, 1992, pp. 46, 51, 56-64)]

[pp. 268-270]

"Presumably before the Flood, the earth's crust was in a state of general equilibrium, although the great pressures of the fluids locked within the 'great deep' made it a precarious state of equilibrium. The principle of isostasy ('equal weights') requires that, at some datum level deep in the crust, pressures due to superincumbent materials [materials laying on top of one another] be everywhere constant in order for crustal equilibrium to be maintained. Thus, regions of high topography must be regions of low density and vice versa. Probably there were no very substantial regional differences in land densities before the Flood, and correspondingly no very large regional differences in elevation. Mountains were relatively low and ocean beds relatively shallow as compared with present conditions.

2) PREFLOOD LAND, OCEAN & CLIMATE WERE DIFFERENT

[pp. 121-122]

"Whatever the source of the Deluge rain, the mass of waters which descended to the earth could hardly have been elevated back into the heavens, because it is not there now. This can only mean that much of the waters of our present oceans entered the oceans at the time of the Flood. This in turn implies that the proportion of land area to water area was larger before the Flood, perhaps very much larger, than at present. Much of the present sea-bottom was once dry land. Very likely, in order to accommodate the great mass of waters and permit the land to appear again, great tectonic movements and isostatic adjustments would have to take place, forming the deep ocean basins and troughs and elevating the Continents. This seems to be specifically implied in the poetic reflection of the Deluge in Psalm 104:5-9...

[Ps 104:5-9]:

(v. 5) 'He established the earth upon its foundations,

So that it will not totter forever and ever.

(v. 6) Thou didst cover it with the deep as with a garment;

The waters were standing above the mountains.

(v. 7) At Thy rebuke they fled;

At the sound of Thy thunder they hurried away.

(v. 8) The mountains rose; the valleys sank down

To the place which Thou didst establish for them.

(v. 9) Thou didst set a boundary that they may not pass over;

That they may not return to cover the earth.']

...That this passage refers to the Flood rather than to the initial Creation is evident from the last verse, which refers to God's promise that a world-covering flood would never again be visited upon the earth. [Gen 9:11] Certainly, therefore, the Bible makes it abundantly plain that the events associated with the Deluge were of immense geologic potency and must have caused profound geologic changes."

[pp. 239-240]

"How long it was between man's creation and his fall, the Bible does not say. In any event, it is very unlikely that any of the fossil-bearing geologic strata are attributable to that period. For fossils plainly tell of death and suffering. Although the sentence of death was specifically pronounced only on man and on the serpent used by Satan as the vehicle of temptation, the most obvious implication is that this curse on the master of creation [Adam] extended likewise to his dominion. This fact is also strongly implied by the New Testament expositions of the Fall. Paul says: 'By man came death' (I Corinthians 15:21) and in another place, 'By one man, sin entered into the world, and death by sin' (Romans 5:12). Similarly, in Romans 8:20: 'The creation was subjected to vanity.' As already noted, most of the fossil deposits give evidence of sudden burial and therefore betoken catastrophe of some kind. The whole appearance of the fossiliferous rocks seems completely out of harmony with the system of creation which God so many times pronounced as 'very good'...

[Gen 1:3, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, & especially v. 31]

...Therefore, we feel compelled to date all of the rock strata which contain fossils of once living creatures as subsequent to Adam's fall!...

It seems likely, furthermore, that relatively few of these strata, if any, can be dated during the period between Adam's fall and the Deluge. This is primarily because geologic activity seems to have been very mild during that time and because such deposits as may have been formed then were most likely reworked during the Flood."

[pp. 242-243]

"Since the deposition of sediments is conditioned upon their precedent erosion by water or wind and since these elements evidently acted in a uniformly gentle manner, it follows that there could have been very little geological work accomplished during during this period [before the Flood]....

3) THERE WAS LITTLE VOLCANIC OR TECTONIC ACTIVITY

[pp. 242-243]

"This is inferred from the fact that the 'breaking-up of the fountains of the great deep' (Genesis 7:11), which implies this sort of activity, was one of the immediate causes of the Deluge; therefore, it must have been restrained previously. The phrase 'the great deep' is used in Scripture to refer both to the waters of the ocean (e.g., Isaiah 51:10) and subterranean waters (Psalm 78:15). The one word 'deep' (Hebrew tehom) is also often used to refer to both types of terrestrial waters. The primevel deep of Genesis 1:2 was, as we have seen, segregated into waters above and below the firmament, so that these waters, in whatever location, are evidently intended by subsequent references to the deep. Presumably great portions of the waters were entrapped below the crust and in pockets within the crust during the first three days of Creation. Because of the high temperatures and pressures, they undoubtedly were very effective solvents, creating either chemical-rich crustal waters or water-rich magmas. [magmas = molten volcanic rock]

It seems, however, that these were either completely or in large measure imprisoned during the antediluvian period, perhaps steadily building up temperatures and pressures until, finally, the crust gave way at some point of weakness. Yielding of the crust at even one point, with resultant escape of magmas and water or steam would then lead to earth movements causing further fractures until, as the Scriptures portray so graphically, 'the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up' (Genesis 7:11). Truly this was a gigantic catastrophe, beside which the explosion of the largest hydrogen bomb, or of hundreds of such bombs, becomes insignificant!

Thus, the Biblical record implies that the age between the fall of man and the resultant Deluge was one of comparative quiescence geologically... ...Temperatures were equably warm, there were no heavy rains nor winds and probably no earthquakes nor volcanic emissions. Probably a larger ratio of land surface to water surface existed than at present, but the atmosphere was maintained at a comfortable humidity by the low-lying 'mist' rising from an intricate network of 'seas' (Genesis 1:10) and mildly-flowing 'rivers' (Genesis 2:10-14) evidently fed partially or largely by gentle springs..."

[Gen 1:10 Preflood Network of Seas]:

"And God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that it was good."

[Gen 2:10-14 Mildly Flowing Rivers]:

(v. 10) "Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers.

(v. 11) The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.

(v. 12) And the gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there.

(v. 13) And the name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the whole land of Cush.

(v. 14) And the name of the third river is Tigris; it flows west of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates."]

4) THERE WAS A UNIVERSALLY WARM CLIMATE

[pp. 243, 250]

"The most significant of these Biblical inferences [about the preflood times] is that of a universally warm climate, with ample moisture for abundant plant and animal life. It is significant that fossil remains everywhere in the world and throughout the geologic column testify to just such a condition. The fossiliferous rocks have been [erroneously] divided into geological 'ages' in the uniformitarian system, and it is significant that practically all of these [so called] 'ages' are inferred from the organic and physiographic character of the deposits to have been universally mild and warm... ...All the fossilferous sediments, comprising the entire geologic column above the Proterozoic or even the Archeozoic in places, give virtually unanimous testimony that 'the world that then was' was one of mild climate, essentially uniform throughout the world. The standard geological references, of course, speak of these strata in terms of chronological ages and, in these terms, we would say that the strata indicate that the earth's climate has always, at least until the most recent geologic epochs, been basically warm and uniform, with only mild seasonal and latitudinal variations. [Note that this coincides with the hypothesis of a single postdiluvian short term ice age] If one thinks of the strata as having been largely deposited catastrophically, especially during the Deluge, then their testimony is of a single antediluvian era having such a climate...

...here again is a great difficulty for uniformitarian geology - how to account for such a remarkable state of things in terms of the present very non-uniform climates, with such extremes of heat and cold..."

[Dr. Don R. Patton, op. cit., tape #, notes]:

" 'Devonian land plants are similar the world over, suggesting that climate was rather uniform. Wide distribution of richly fossiliferous middle Paleozoic marine carbonate rocks, and especially the great latitudinal spread of fossil reefs, suggest subtropical conditions... It has long been felt that the average climate of the earth through time has been milder and more homogeneous than it is today. If so the present certainly is not a very good key to the past in terms of climate!'

[DOTT AND BATTEN, EVOLUTION OF THE EARTH, P. 298]

'The warm, equable climate, characteristic of the entire Cretaceous, prevailed also overmost of the world throughout the Jurassic with, possible, localized exceptions. This universal tropicallity is difficult to explain.' [VON ENGELN & CASTER, GEOLOGY, P. 491]

5) FLOOD REQUIRED A UNIQUE ATOMSPHERIC RAINFALL SOURCE

a) INTRODUCTION

[p. 121]

"A global rain continuing for forty days, as described in the Bible, would have required a completely different mechanism for its production than is available at the present day. If all the water in our present atmosphere were suddenly precipitated, it would only suffice to cover the ground to an average depth of less than two inches. The process of evaporation could not have been effective during the rain, of course, since the atmosphere immediately above the earth was already at saturation level. The normal hydrologic cycle would, therefore, have been incapable of supplying the tremendous amounts of rain the Bible record describes. The implication seems to be that the antediluvian climatology and meteorology were much different from the present. There seems to have been an atmospheric source of water of an entirely different type and order of magnitude than now exists."

b) THE FIRMAMENT CANOPY AROUND THE EARTH

Dr. Carl E. Baugh states in, 'Panorama of Creation', Creation Publication Services, Ft Worth, Tx, 1992, p. 43:

"These verses [Gen 1:1-2] show that even on the first day of creation, before God created light, God created the earth in a watery form. This is extremely important.

Studies done by renowned physicists, such as Dr. Russell Humphreys, show that each molecule of water possesses a small electromagnetic field. When these molecules are aligned, the result is a composite electromagnetic charge of all the molecules of water that are aligned. When all of these molecules are in composite alignment, you have the composite energy of all of the molecules.

God began by creating the earth first in all the universe, even before creating the electromagnetic spectrum of light into the heavenly bodies, such as the sun and the stellar heavens....

[There is strong indication that] God first created the earth as a sphere of water... The life forms that God would create on day number three [vegetation, plants, trees], being in botanical form, would require this water. On day number five, God would design the fish and fowl. Each of these creatures would require this water. On day number six, God would create insects, dinosaurs, man, and woman before the day was finished.

Dr. Carl E. Baugh states, op cit, p. 46:

"In Genesis 1:6-8,.... "And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day."

It is obvious from the Biblical context that this firmament included two composite layers of water, adjacent on each side with a firmament in the middle. Some Biblical exegetes have suggested that perhaps this firmament referred to the expanse, and the water on the surface of the earth was in one composite form. They also maintain that we had a bubble of water approximately eleven miles above the earth as a second layer. However, the clear scriptural mandate is that this entire firmament was encased by layers of water on both sides as a composite part of the firmament. Later, the scripture describes the seas and oceans on the surface of the earth...

[Gen 1:9]:

"Then God said, 'Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear'; and it was so."]

...We can, therefore envision a model of the firmament approximately eleven miles above the surface of the earth. We believe the firmament was approximately eleven miles above the surface, because there exists a heat sink at that elevation. It is between [minus] -130 degrees Fahrenheit and -180 degrees Fahrenheit at that elevation. Nearer to the earth it is warmer, and further from the earth it is warmer for at least some space. If we were to amass the amounts of water present on Earth, and assimilate the greater amount of water within the earth, this would leave the approximate remainder of a ten-to-twenty-feet thick lineal dimension double encasement of water in solid crystalline form as the firmament....

Here [eleven miles up, in the stratospheric heavens] we have a firmament, not just water in cloud or vaporous form, but in solid form [because of the extreme cold]. The Hebrew context shows that the water and the firmament are in a very special form. It was apparently in crystalline form - pure, transparent, relatively thin ice. It was probably no more than twenty feet thick at best. The Hebrew word used to describe this firmament is really quite astounding. In fact, if we do not follow the Hebrew literally, our model does not work at all. The biblical record has to be literal, or it really isn't verifiable. This firmament had to be of literal composite, just as the scripture stated.

The word used in the Hebrew to describe the firmament is "raqiya" ...[which] means to compress or pound out, and stretch out this arch of heaven in thin metal sheets....

On day number one, God concluded the creation of the day by saying: 'It was good.' On days three through six, He also concluded the days' creations by saying: 'It was good.' However, on day number two, God did not say that it was good... ...On day number one, He had already pronounced it as good.... ...He did not create new elements on day number two; He simply used the elements He created on day number one - the elements of hydrogen and oxygen.

Many very fine scientific creation researchers have envisioned for decades that there was a greenhouse effect before the Flood, and in all probability, there was. They envisioned that there was water vapor, perhaps in cloud form, above the earth. However, if we simply use the vaporous form of water, the scriptural mandate in Genesis 1:14-18 cannot be fulfilled, because it says the stars were 'set' or enhanced - added in full dimension to this firmament. If the firmament cover had simply been water vapor, the stars would only have been seen in approximately eighty percent of the detail that we see today. Yet the Biblical record says that they were enhanced. The original Hebrew word used is the word "nathan". The literal translation means that they were added and yielded in full dimension within this firmament. The only way this could have worked is for the word "raqiya" to have a literal meaning.

[Dr. Baugh, op. cit., pp. 56-64]:

...A superconductive canopy of compressed hydrogen in near-metallic form was encased above and below in crystalline water. The stars were shining at a distance, a startling characteristic of the pre-Flood world. In Genesis 1:14-18, the stellar heavens are described.

[Gen 1:14-18]:

(v. 14) "Then God said, 'Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years;

(v. 15) and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth''; and it was so.

(v. 16) And God made the two great lights; the greater light to govern the day, and the lesser light to govern the night; He made the stars also.

(v. 17) And God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth,

(v. 18) and to govern the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good."]

...The stars are in color, and the Biblical record states that God set the stars in the firmament. The ancients described the firmament as a vault above the earth, and the stars were placed in this vault. This is not what the Biblical record says to us. The Biblical record states very clearly that God 'set' the stars in the firmament much as a jeweler would enhance a diamond by placing it on a background of black velvet. The word 'set' is taken from the Hebrew word 'nathan'; it means 'to add and yield.' In other words, the stars are not physically placed in the firmament, because they are great distances away. But, as light from the stars penetrates the firmament, there is a very strong magnetic field in the middle; it is superconductive without any resistance to the flow of electrons. On each side is an electromagnetic field charged to a lesser degree in the crystalline water formation. What is then presented in a pressurized form on each side is a photomultiplier. Each photon of light which strikes the configuration is multiplied by ten because of the interaction in the atoms. On the earth side of the canopy, the stars were seen with ten times the photons that the light brought to the outer surface of the canopy. Before the Flood, the stars were seen by man as being about three times brighter than they are seen today. In other words, in the firmament, God set the stars, or added and yielded their dimensions in full color.

NASA has found that when a red filter is used in space, the stars appear in beautiful color. This is exciting because God put the stellar bodies in space for signs, for days, for months, and for years. We understand that by observing the rotation of the earth in relation to the movement of the sun and the moon, and other heavenly bodies, we can tell times. But now we can perceive that with the enhancement of the light, those before the Flood could, by the configuration of the stars, tell time at any moment. They would not need a Rolex watch; they would have something far better.

[Dr. Carl E. Baugh, op. cit., p. 46]:

Researcher Dan Cook spoke to one of the physicists involved in the hydrogen bomb project at Laurence Livermore National Laboratories. That physicist related to him that the scientists there, some years back, took the elements of water and compressed them under supercold, cryogenic circumstances. Hydrogen became near-metallic in form, and took on the characteristics of metal. It became crystalline, transparent, fiber optic, superconductive, and ferromagnetic. All of these characteristics have tremendous implications.

The hydrogen in the water was compressed and energized, and the pressure held in stasis form because of the crystalline ice on each side; for the Biblical record states that God made the firmament in the middle, with water above and water beneath. Under such supercold circumstances where great pressure exists, in addition to tremendous energy, hydrogen takes on metallic characteristics. Envision the earth before the Flood, with a firmament consisting of compressed energized hydrogen taking on near-metallic characteristics, in the middle of a solid water formation suspended about eleven miles above the earth. This configuration would have done some wonderful things.

On day number four, when the sun was created, the energy of the sun upon this hydrogen would have caused a gentle pink coloration in the sky; at sunrise and sunset there would have been a vivid pink coloration; and at midnight there would have been a magenta pink sky. In other words, the sky before the Flood was never totally dark.

[Dr. Carl E. Baugh states, op cit, p.51]:

"The biblical record states that God made the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night. We have assumed for centuries that the greater light was the sun and the lesser light was the moon. The moon certainly bears an impact on and, to some degree, affects the earth. The moon does not always remain in visual form, however. The lesser light ruling the night, consequently, was not only the moon, even though the moon certainly has a purpose in the orchestrated model. The lesser light ruling the night included transfer of energy from the day side of the earth along the lines of this "reqiya" firmament. The electromagnetic energy was carried along the elemental lines of near-metallic hydrogen, which was fiber optic in nature. This would cause a twilight glow on the night side of the earth, while on the day side of the earth the greater light would literally rule the day.

The statement is made that this light 'ruled the day.' Scientists and researchers are finding that the most important color in the entire spectrum is pink. This is the color that is produced by energized hydrogen. They find that plants grow better under pink light and that individuals respond in mood to pink light. Researchers have found that when a person is affected by the right spectrum of pink light, the brain secretes norepinephren. Norepinephren is a natural tranquilizer and neurotransmitter. Before the Flood, man was dominated by various spectra of pink light. The tranquility of ...his environment offered him the ability to have his brain work at maximum efficiency. The firmament made that possible with a gentle pink glow in various spectral forms, with the greater light ruling the day and the lesser light ruling the night. God made a wonderful orchestral creation, and man ultimately received the full benefit....

There are records, archaeologically discerned, among many cultures which refer to a time in the past when the sky 'hung low'....

...physicists at Lawrence Livermore Laboratories took the element of hydrogen (an element of water) and compressed it under super cold temperatures. When the pressure reached a certain degree under diamond points, the hydrogen took on near-metallic characteristics: superconductive, transparent, fiber optic, ferromagnetic, and crystalline in form....

The Hebrew word for firmament is 'raqiya', which means to press, or pound together into thin metal sheets. This is the explanation of how the canopy, or arch of heaven, was formed and stretched out around the world in thin metal sheets....

...one of the elements in water (hydrogen) binds together in a crystalline lattice. Under such pressurized transformation, the hydrogen in water takes on the characteristics as described in the Biblical account of creation.

We are informed in Genesis 1:16 that the greater light was to rule the day and the lesser light was to rule the night. The transfer of light, fiber optically, means that the greater penetration of light during the day would produce varying shades of pink, and the lesser light of night would produce a deeper shade of pink, in addition to an enhanced moon.

Biologists have found that the greatest plant growth is encouraged under pink light. Further investigation has revealed that it is pink light which optimally triggers the growth of cells within plants.....

A contributing factor to the enormous size of plant life before the Flood was energized hydrogen in the firmament giving off the pinkish glow.

The enormous size of plant life in the antediluvian world also dictated the size of certain forms of animal life, or dinosaurs.

[Dr. Baugh, op. cit., p.56-64]:

On day number six, the final animal life was created, and in order to keep the vegetation in balance, such huge plant eating creatures were required. After the Flood, the decline in the size and abundance of plant life would not have supported the dinosaurs for very long. Even elephants today in Africa are threatened by the lack of needed vegetation to support Reduced partial pressure in the atmosphere played an even greater role in the demise of the dinosaur.

In the world before the Flood, the light would be at its lowest pink hue at high noon because of the angle of the light passing through the firmament. But, just as important, envision the firmament - this double bubble of crystalline water - and the effect it would have upon the atmospheric pressure. The atmosphere would be pressurized to a greater degree than we now have. Researchers, like Dr. Henry Voss, at the University of Illinois, have been able to approximate the atomic weight of such a canopy. This crystalline canopy would put a cap on the atmosphere. Atmospheric pressure today at sea level is 14.7 pounds per square inch. Before the Flood, the air pressure would have been about two times what it is today....

...The ratio of oxygen in the atmosphere would have been about thirty percent, compared to twenty-one percent today. Some researchers have concluded that due to the pre-Flood atmospheric conditions which had greater amounts of oxygen, man could have run up to two hundred miles without suffering fatigue. It has been discovered in hyperbaric medical chamber experiments that under these circumstances, an open wound would heal overnight. It is therefore understandable how man could have lived to be several hundred years old, even after the fall, in this pre-Flood world, Heavier air pressure and more oxygen in the atmosphere were conducive to longer life.

Another factor in the pre-Flood environment which was in man's favor was less radiation from the sun. The canopy above the earth acted as a filter to trap most of the short-wave radiation. It is the short-wave radiation that is causing man many problems today....

before the Flood, almost all of the harmful radiation would have been filtered out by the water canopy.

Today, because of harmful short-wave radiation man suffers genetic damage, cancer, and other health damage factors that shorten the lifespan. Also, there are certain microbes and disease germs that could not live in the pre-Flood atmosphere. In addition, there was a mist each morning that aided the oxygenation of the entire water table. More oxygen in the water would account for great whales, great sharks, and the chambered nautilus marine life forms that were gargantuan [in]...size. The fossil record bears evidence that such creatures existed; but, without more oxygen in the waters today, they could not live in contemporary oceans, seas, or rivers. The theory of evolution does not provide an answer as to how such enormous marine monsters lived, but the creation model does provide an answer...

..An additional beneficial characteristic would be the extra oxygen in the atmosphere, and with the great assimilation of oxygen in the air, man was possibly twenty percent larger than he is today. Adam and Noah were probably about seven feet tall, and there were others who were even taller...

..The environmental context before the Flood would exercise the full genetic viability for all life forms...

[Full genetic viability = the full capacity of a species to produce characteristics within its own species - without changing such]

...For example, today the dragonfly - which is a superior helicopter - has a wingspan not exceeding six inches. But in the fossil record, dragonflies have been found with wingspans of up to thirty-six inches. But in the fossil record, dragonflies have been found with wingspans of up to thirty-six inches. There has to be an explanation as to how at some point in time dragonflies grew to such gigantic dimensions. It would certainly require a greater concentration of oxygen. Conditions that would support such monstrous life forms, even in the insect world, scientifically dictate that there had to be such a canopy above the earth. In order to provide that much oxygen would have to approach the level of toxicity, unless the atmospheric pressure was greater.

Again, such an atmospheric condition can only be explained in terms of a firmament. Therefore, we have to follow the Biblical record of creation specifically or the environmental chain breaks into unconnected parts.

The greater atmospheric pressure, with approximately thirty percent oxygen, would have created optimal conditions. Thus, dragonflies could have grown to a size supporting a thirty-six inch wingspan.

Consider another illustration. In West Texas, there has been found a fossilized pterodactyl, a flying reptile, with a wingspan of fifty-two feet. There is no way this flying dinosaur (as it has been called) could have flown with the current atmospheric pressure. It would have been utterly impossible. But, with an atmospheric pressure of approximately thirty-two pounds per square inch, this flying pterodactyl would have had a field day...

..a firmament of compressed hydrogen held in place by a layer of crystalline water which would keep the temperature at a consistent level....

..NASA had discovered in the examination of superconductive materials that when held near a magnet, the lines of force generated in the free flow of electromagnetic energy hold the materials in place, either above it or below it. In other words, researchers have not been able to find a mechanism for holding up a water canopy unless that water canopy has exactly what the Biblical record clearly describes: a superconductive solid metallic base. Hydrogen would be such a base under these circumstances, and with a free flow of electrons, it would support itself above the dipole magnet of the earth. All the laws of physics known in current research show that this would simply support itself above the earth, and it would be held there until warmer temperatures would moderate its enclosure...

..Before the Flood, Earth's inhabitants never saw total darkness. Research has indicated that the temperature would have been about seventy-eight degrees Fahrenheit during the day. Imagine superior man with a perfect environment, perfect food with complete nutrients, no harmful radiation from space, and disease microbes held in check. The pre-Flood world was, in our understanding today, paradise.

[During the preflood earth there was no rain:

[Gen 2:4-7]:

(v. 4) "This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created. [vv. 1:1-2:3] When the Lord God made the earth and the heavens -

(v. 5) and no shrub of the field had yet appeared on the earth and no plant of the field had yet sprung up, for the Lord God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no man to work the ground,

(v. 6) but mist came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground.."

[pp. 241-242]

"No Rainfall Before the Flood

This fact is specifically alleged in Genesis 2:5, 6, as follows:

'...for Jehovah God had not caused it to rain upon the earth: and there was not a man to till the ground; but there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.'

This verse is applied specifically to the initial completed Creation, but there is no mention made of any change in this meteorological phenomenon after the Fall, so it evidently continued until the time of the Deluge. This inference is supported also by the fact that the rainbow is mentioned as a new sign from God to man after the Flood, implying strongly that rain as we know it and the subsequent rainbow were experienced for the first time then (Genesis 9:11-17).

The process of evaporation from both land and water surfaces apparently is implied in the 'mist' going up from the earth. However, with atmospheric turbulence largely absent, the large movements of air masses and their contained water vapor, such as characterize present climates, were prevented. Also, the lapse rate (vertical decrease of temperature with elevation above the ground surface) was probably small due to the effect of the canopy, so that vapor would tend to recondense and precipitate as a light mist soon after its evaporation. Since the deposition of sediments is conditioned upon their precedent erosion by water or wind and since these elements evidently acted in a uniformly gently manner, it follows that there could have been very little geological work accomplished during this period."

c) FUTURE RESTORATION OF THE CANOPY

[Dr Carl E.Baugh, op cit, p. 89]:

"...Isaiah 35...corresponds to other chapters in... ...Isaiah which tell of a coming millennium when the lion and the lamb will lie down together....

[Isa 11:6-9]:

(v. 6) "The wolf will live with the lamb,

the leopard will lie down with the goat,

the calf and the lion and the yearling together;

and a little child will lead them.

(v. 7) The cow will feed with the bear,

their young will lie down together,

and the lion will eat straw like the ox.

(v. 8) The infant will play near the hole of the cobra, and the young child put his hand into the viper's nest.

(v. 9) They will neither harm nor destroy on all My holy mountain,

for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea."]

[Dr Baugh, cont.]

...It will be a time, according to Isaiah, that a child with a genetic deficiency will still live to be a hundred years old, yet an old man will fully live out his days. This prophecy foretells a time in the future when man will again have the ability to live for hundreds of years.

[Isa 65:20]:

"Never again will there be in it an infant who lives but a few days,

or an old man who does not live out his years;

he who dies at a hundred will be thought a mere youth;

he who fails to reach a hundred will be considered accursed."]

[Baugh, cont.]:

...In Isaiah 35:1... [which reads]...'The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose.' What this means is that the earth will return to an ecospherical condition as existed before the Flood. The only environmental factor that could account for such a return to a world like the antediluvian world would be a literal reestablishment of the firmament.

[Isa 52:8-9]:

(v. 8) "Listen? Your watchmen lift up their voices,

together they shout for joy.

When the Lord returns to Zion,

they will see it with their own eyes.

(v. 9) "Burst into songs of joy together,

you ruins of Jerusalem,

for the Lord has comforted His people

[Dr Baugh cont]

" 'Is it literally possible that the wilderness will actually rejoice and sing?' My answer is an emphatic, yes!.....

In preceding chapters... conditions on Earth [before the Flood were described] [with] the crystalline canopy, and the longwave radio energy from the stars, and how the radio energy would have been transferred to the silica. Man was serenaded each morning by the sand under his feet. Sand actually has the ability to sing when energized, and this fact has been verified by numerous scientific studies. In addition, the atmosphere would be charged with vibrations and resonate within the cellular structure of the plants. Actually, before the Flood the wilderness would sing as the Bible affirms. And the botanical life forms would pick up the music vibrations....

..As the text of Isaiah 35 declares, even war-torn Lebanon will be a place of joy in those days, and the song of glory of the Lord will be sung even by the roses from Beirut, to Mt. Carmel, and to Sharon....

..But scientists have discovered that, under certain circumstances, in some of the sands when resonated, there are actual discernable musical notes and harmony in the atmosphere.

'Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not; behold your God will come with a vengeance, even God with a recompence; he will come and save you" (Isa. 35:4). The indication in this verse is that God will build a context which will be beneficial to man. Man is now in full deterioration. While in the twentieth century science has made a thorough investigation into the functions of life, the environmental dangers, causing such diseases as cancer, are increasing and encompassing us at a very alarming and negative rate.

[Isa 35:5-6]:

(v. 5) "Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped.

(v. 6) Then will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue shout for joy.

Water will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue shout for joy.

Water will gush forth in the wilderness and streams in the desert."

[Dr Baugh, cont.]

"The inference is very strong here that the natural circumstances of the ecology will be changed and revert back to conditions strikingly similar to preFlood days. Man will respond physiologically, and there will seemingly be genetic corrections or repairs... ..Advance studies suggest that if a biological organism is permitted to live within the context whereby it is resupplied with energy without contamination, it has the ability to repair itself to a great degree. Of course, this life-encompassing context includes energizing daily with the right spectra of light, and the correct levels of pressure, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide, as it was originally designed to have....

...Dr. Robert Gange relates that certain laboratory studies show there is an ability within the DNA to actually strip out inharmonious properties; and, to some degree, repair the DNA. If that be the case, it would certainly be plausible within a given ecological context where life organisms are within their designed environment for the body to have the ability to repair itself. The blind would be able to see; the deaf would be able to hear; the lame would be able to walk. Programmed within a man's body are the genes composing the entire genetic structure for shapes, sizes, and functions of all organs. Thus, if man's body would be permitted to repair itself, the errant genetic flaws would be corrected and brought back into balance. The designed context for man's optimal benefit was the pre-Flood environment under the firmament. A natural corollary for man's genetic expression involves the restoration of the canopy for the Millennium....

..Dr. Thomas Barnes and others have found that every fourteen hundred years, the earth's magnetic field is losing one-half its energy. Before the Flood, the magnetic field would have been at utopian context where it would have held water vapor or additional substances within its power. If there is to be a replacement of the canopy in the future, a prerequisite is the restoration of the energy in the magnetic field in order for water to be held in place....

..Assuming that the Bible indicates the original firmament above the earth will be restored, there will first have to be the restoration of the energy and power of the magnetic field. In I Corinthians 15:51-52, the Apostle Paul made an illuminating statement: 'Behold, I show you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye...' ....

..'in the twinkling of an eye.'... ...the words used in the Greek text give a clearer meaning. The word used in the Greek for 'twinkling' is rhipto, and one of the meanings of this word is 'flashing, or rush or light.' Usage of this word could also include, in contemporary language, a nuclear flashing or atomic event....

..So when Jesus releases resurrection power at His coming to rapture the church, it is entirely possible that the earth's magnetic field will be recharged. Therefore, after the rapture, as the tribulation period begins, the earth's magnetic field is recharged and the environment begins to change in anticipation of His bringing in the Millennium... ...Beginning with the sixth chapter of Revelation, we find such statements as the vials of the wrath of God being poured out upon the earth. Each of these judgments would also add a recharging to the atmospheric context. In Revelation 16, the account of an earthquake is given such as the world has never seen to this time. Every mountain will be gone, possibly leveled, and every island will disappear. Before the world-wide Flood, the topography of the earth had gentle, sloping elevations. The mountains were created at the onset of the Flood when the mountains of the deep were broken up, producing great upheavals. Also, the land mass of Earth was not divided into islands. the earth was not divided until the days of Peleg. [Gen 10:25] So once again, after the tribulation, the earth will be one great connecting ocean and one large connecting continent.... ...When the magnetic field around the earth is supercharged once more, water will be thrown up into the atmosphere by earthquakes and accompanying volcanic action much higher than fifty thousand feet. It will be held by the increasing strength of the magnetic field until frozen into place as a continuous sphere of ice...

Revelation 16:21 speaks of hailstones, weighing up to one hundred pounds each falling upon men all around the world. Thrown up with the water above the earth will be billions of tons of dust particles, but all such materials will combine with water as hailstones so that nothing will be left in the higher atmosphere but pure water. The electromagnetic charges of dust particles, combine with water normally to cause hailstones. But the hailstones that will fall during the great tribulation will be larger than any the world has ever experienced before. This gives us an indication of the awesome power within the earth's electromagnetic field at that time.

The pure water left in the upper atmosphere will need to be crystallized to provide the benefits described in the thirty-fifth chapter of Isaiah. I believe that Jesus Christ will take care of this also when He returns at the end of the tribulation in power and great glory. The entire Earth, including the firmament and the environment, will be completely energized by His presence. The hydrogen elements necessary for the canopy will again be bound together and there will be raqiya to complete the restoration of the earth to its preFlood condition."

[Dr. Carl E. Baugh, cont., op cit, p.72]:

"...the description of the restored earth found in Isaiah 35 shows that the forests will again sing.

Around an individual before the Flood in this canopy context, the radio waves from the stars were enhanced by this canopy in the morning hours. The crystalline structure of the sand would pick up and amplify these radio waves. Finally, there are qualities in the cellular structures of plants which would cause the reeds to vibrate, so the forest began to sing. Anyone who knew his Creator could not help but respond.....

...Only now have we been able to put together this orchestral creation model, balancing out all of these elements in an articulated form. The Biblical records explain reality far better than the evolutionary concept does."

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